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Coggins ?

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  • Coggins ?

    I'm from england and have no idea what coggins stands for. Could somebody explain . thank you

  • #2
    A coggins test is a test for Equine Infectious Anemia. It is done annually and required by most barns and show venues, etc before an outside horse is allowed on the property as the disease is highly contagious.

    Comment


    • #3
      "Coggins" is the colloquial name for the test for Equine Infectious Anemia. Horses in the US are required to have a recent (usually within either 6 months or a year) negative test in order to go to shows, cross state lines, be sold, and, in many states, even just be transported off the property where they live.

      A positive result means a choice between euthanasia and lifelong quarantine away from other equines. Barns with a positive result are quarantined for some time (the time depends on the state) and not released until every remaining equite tests negative.

      EIA is bloodborne (transmitted most often by biting flies or contaminated needles) and used to be very prevalent in the US. It is still endemic in some areas (mostly southern climates). Most carriers are inapparent and never show symptoms of the disease. The risk of transmission is actually quite small, but it does happen, and there is no vaccine or cure - hence the emphasis on testing.

      Because the incubation period can be up to 3 months, though, even annual testing doesn't catch every case before the horse has a chance to infect others. Testing has, however, dramatically reduced the incidence of the disease.
      Proud member of the EDRF

      Comment


      • #4
        Coggins is a blood test for Equine Infectious Anemia

        http://ezinearticles.com/?What-Is-th...est?&id=509657

        If you plan on showing your horse or even going to a clinic away from the place you board (or your own farm) you will be asked to provide proof of a negative result for a Coggins test taken within the last year. Some places require an updated Coggins every six months.
        *friend of bar.ka*RIP all my lovely boys, gone too soon:
        Steppin' Out 1988-2004
        Hey Vern! 1982-2009, Cash's Bay Threat 1994-2009
        Sam(Jaybee Altair) 1994-2015

        Comment


        • #5
          Concerning buying and selling......I have always thought the coggins was the responsibility of the seller. Lately I have seen in some ads, the person (seller) stating that it is the responsibility of the buyer. Is there a law somewhere that clarifies who is responsible?
          "Humans will never devise an invention more beautiful, more simple,
          or more direct than does Nature." ~Leonardo da Vinci

          Comment


          • #6
            12hooves:
            I don't know the legal aspect, but if I were buying I'd be willing to shell out for a Coggins before sealing the deal if there was not a current negative one available. As I recall it's around $40.
            Since owner's information goes on the form the vet fills out I imagine that info would be the seller's?
            *friend of bar.ka*RIP all my lovely boys, gone too soon:
            Steppin' Out 1988-2004
            Hey Vern! 1982-2009, Cash's Bay Threat 1994-2009
            Sam(Jaybee Altair) 1994-2015

            Comment


            • #7
              Originally posted by 12hooves View Post
              Concerning buying and selling......I have always thought the coggins was the responsibility of the seller. Lately I have seen in some ads, the person (seller) stating that it is the responsibility of the buyer. Is there a law somewhere that clarifies who is responsible?
              It depends on your state. Some states don't even require testing for sale. In those that do, you'd have to just look at the statutes to see. A good overview is here. It's several years old, but it will give you a statute number to start with if you are researching.

              However, as a buyer, I always have my own Coggins drawn even if the seller has one. They're cheap, and way too easy to falsify.
              Proud member of the EDRF

              Comment


              • #8
                Originally posted by ponyjumper4 View Post
                . . . . as the disease is highly contagious.
                I don't think EIA is regarded as highly contagious. There have been cases of horses living on the same farm with an EIA infected horse for years, with the non-infected horse never becoming infected.

                Comment


                • #9
                  Coggins testing is not require in-state for California. You *can* transport to Nevada or Arizona without getting a coggins but technically you are required when crossing out of state.

                  I've yet to find any legal authority (police/ boarder) caring to see a coggins test. Only once in AZ was I asked to show coggins and that was when moving out here.

                  There is obviously controversy with the testing.

                  Comment


                  • #10
                    FYI, the name "Coggins" comes from Dr. Coggins who developed the test that is how the name came about
                    www.shawneeacres.net

                    Comment


                    • #11
                      Originally posted by 12hooves View Post
                      Concerning buying and selling......I have always thought the coggins was the responsibility of the seller. Lately I have seen in some ads, the person (seller) stating that it is the responsibility of the buyer. Is there a law somewhere that clarifies who is responsible?
                      In the state of NC it is the SELLER's responsiblilty to provide a negative Coggins within one year. If a buyer wants a more recent one, I would expect the buyer to pay for it. I suspect this is a state by state requirement.
                      www.shawneeacres.net

                      Comment


                      • #12
                        Originally posted by SuperSTB View Post
                        Coggins testing is not require in-state for California. You *can* transport to Nevada or Arizona without getting a coggins but technically you are required when crossing out of state.

                        I've yet to find any legal authority (police/ boarder) caring to see a coggins test. Only once in AZ was I asked to show coggins and that was when moving out here.

                        There is obviously controversy with the testing.

                        You'd better not go in or out of Florida then!!! You will DEFINITELY have to stop at the Ag station and show proof of negative coggins as well as a health certificate within 30 days to go in or out of Florida!!
                        www.shawneeacres.net

                        Comment


                        • #13
                          Each state has its own laws regarding when a horse requires one. Some states require 2 per year.

                          In Michigan, they have a "13 month" year. This allows people to test in December to show in early January. A horse tested in December has VERY little chance of contracting EIA before Jan. So, testing a horse in December of one year, carries through the following calendar year - hence 13 months.

                          As a buyer - if the last coggins test was done during the winter and it hasn't warmed up enough for biting flies which carry EIA, then I'm satisfied with that one. If the last coggins was drawn and there has been warm weather since - then I insist on a new Coggins test. I am also willing to have it done as a buyer because THEN the paperwork (Federal Government standardized) is in MY name - not the last owner's name.

                          My purchase agreements ALWAYS include a right of full refund in the event the horse tests positive.

                          Comment


                          • #14
                            Originally posted by Kementari View Post
                            It depends on your state. Some states don't even require testing for sale. In those that do, you'd have to just look at the statutes to see. A good overview is here. It's several years old, but it will give you a statute number to start with if you are researching.

                            However, as a buyer, I always have my own Coggins drawn even if the seller has one. They're cheap, and way too easy to falsify.
                            Thanks for the info. For Florida it is the seller's responsibility as I thought. That's a good idea to get a new coggins, as a buyer, though. Since even if it is the true coggins, It only means the horse was negative on the day they drew the blood, right?
                            "Humans will never devise an invention more beautiful, more simple,
                            or more direct than does Nature." ~Leonardo da Vinci

                            Comment


                            • #15
                              Originally posted by shawneeAcres View Post
                              You'd better not go in or out of Florida then!!! You will DEFINITELY have to stop at the Ag station and show proof of negative coggins as well as a health certificate within 30 days to go in or out of Florida!!
                              You got that right! Better stop even if your trailer is empty.
                              "Humans will never devise an invention more beautiful, more simple,
                              or more direct than does Nature." ~Leonardo da Vinci

                              Comment


                              • #16
                                Originally posted by 12hooves View Post
                                Thanks for the info. For Florida it is the seller's responsibility as I thought. That's a good idea to get a new coggins, as a buyer, though. Since even if it is the true coggins, It only means the horse was negative on the day they drew the blood, right?

                                That's correct, and one of the weak links in the process. Theoretically a horse could get a Coggin's test drawn one day and the next become infected, and be exposed to other horses for a year without anyone knowing. As a precaution (I live in Florida, and actually had a positive horse years ago who had to be destroyed) I always insist on a new coggins at sale time. Other than that, though, I try not to worry about it, as it's not as common as it was back in the 70's and early 80's thanks to the testing program.

                                In Florida, you have to show your coggins at show grounds in order to gain entrance, and some barns require a fresh test before admitting you for stabling (most just require you to be current, though). And yes, the Florida Dept. of Agriculture is rabid, and not only about coggins. It's because we're a border state at high risk for infections and invasive species, so they're extra careful and receive extra funding for enforcement.

                                Comment


                                • #17
                                  Originally posted by shawneeAcres View Post
                                  You'd better not go in or out of Florida then!!! You will DEFINITELY have to stop at the Ag station and show proof of negative coggins as well as a health certificate within 30 days to go in or out of Florida!!
                                  Yes- Florida is really on top of livestock and argiculture transportation. Arizona usually is too. Southern Cali *in-state* is not when it comes to horses.

                                  I pull 15 day health cert on my horses going out of state- coggins is typically turned around in 7-10 days so it's easy to swing by the vet and pick up a cert rather quickly. But I am certainly not the norm around here (So Cal).

                                  In New England- Coggins was drawn yearly but the only time I ever had to show results was at shows and a few hunter paces. What always got me was at Equine Affaire though- I would bring in state horses- but health certs and coggins were not a requirement according to state law. Go figure! Only horses travel from out of state had to bring such documentation. I always had it regardless but still at least a health cert should be asked!

                                  Comment


                                  • #18
                                    Originally posted by Evalee Hunter View Post
                                    I don't think EIA is regarded as highly contagious. There have been cases of horses living on the same farm with an EIA infected horse for years, with the non-infected horse never becoming infected.
                                    I consider anything that can be spread by fly bites highly contagious. If it wasn't, then what would be the need of having proof of a negative test result?

                                    Comment


                                    • #19
                                      Originally posted by ponyjumper4 View Post
                                      I consider anything that can be spread by fly bites highly contagious. If it wasn't, then what would be the need of having proof of a negative test result?
                                      The way a disease is spread and how contagious it is are two completely different issues.

                                      A horse showing clinical symptoms of EIA is very contagious. An inapparent carrier, though - and most positive tests are horses who are inapparent carriers - is not very contagious at all. It's estimated that the chance of a fly biting an inapparent carrier and then transmitting the disease to another horse is 1 in 6 million.

                                      Additionally, the virus cannot live long or continue to replicate once it is outside of the horse, so even a horse at its most contagious is only likely to infect horses that are quite close by.

                                      The reason for the testing requirements is because there is no cure and no vaccine. The disease used to be very prevalent in the US - and quite deadly. Testing is the reason that so many of us don't know all the facts about EIA through personal experience.
                                      Proud member of the EDRF

                                      Comment


                                      • #20
                                        In TN, any horse that leaves the farm is required to be accompanied by an original yellow negative coggins drawn within 12 months. For sale, horses are required to have a coggins within 6 months.

                                        I don't cross state lines without a coggins AND current health papers.

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