Policies & Practices of Planned Eventing Studbook
Policies and Practices
The breeding goal is to produce the modern international eventer, a highly athletic performance horse that:
(a) has athletic expression reflecting its primary Thoroughbred and Anglo-Arab and Shagya Arab genetics and its secondary warmblood genetics, which facilitate excellence in all three phases of eventing with the quick reflexes required to ensure "fifth leg" safety for both horse and rider;
(b) competes successfully in international eventing at the highest levels (Olympics, World Championships, FEI Regional Championships, CCI****, etc.);
(c) has a character that exudes a willingness to work and learn as well as being good-natured toward people;
(d) has a constitution that is strong and healthy and enables and facilitates a long competition career;
(e) has functional conformation and correct movement dynamics that enable and facilitate a long competition career;
(f) has a correct foundation with hard hooves in proportion to the size and weight of the horse;
(g) has an attractive exterior that is refined, noble, and pleasing to the eye.
Description of the Model Horse
The horse is, above all else, an athlete. He is a long-lined and rectangular horse with clean bones and very dry texture. He has the conformation of a modern, high-blooded eventing horse and is correct, noble, and has harmonious proportions. He moves correctly, is balanced, and is supple and elastic with self-carriage and much impulsion. He is easy to handle, easy to ride, and intelligent with a willing and hardworking character. The horse is obedient under saddle and willing to accept the rider's aides; has courage, stamina, a ground-covering canter and gallop; jumps with quick reflexes; is careful but courageous; has excellent technique with both front legs and hind legs; and has a great deal of scope.
The horse is an athlete that should:
(a) exhibit an obedient, willing, hardworking, calm, and honest character;
(b) be intelligent and learn quickly;
(c) have the desire to work and perform;
(d) be easy to handle;
(e) react quickly to the aids;
(f) have courage;
(g) over time develop trust in the rider and handlers.
The horse is an athlete that should:
(a) have a horizontal build;
(b) stand in a rectangular frame;
(c) have a moderately long neck that is arched with muscling in the topline;
(d) have a strongly built and strongly muscled back/loin formation;
(e) have a correct and hard foundation with hooves in proportion to the size and weight of the horse;
(f) have legs with clean bones that are strong but not excessive in size and soft tissue with very dry texture;
(g) be attractive, modern, noble, in proportion, and pleasing to the eye;
(h) have quality, substance, and soundness;
(i) be a type that reflects its high-blooded pedigree.
The horse should possess the following athletic dynamics in movement (both in the dressage and on the showjumping and cross-country courses):
(a) the walk is a pure ‘four beat’ gait that is active and has suppleness, impulsion, and a large over-track;
(b) the trot is a pure ‘two beat’ gait that is active and has suppleness, elasticity, impulsion, balance, and self-carriage;
(c) the canter is a pure ‘three beat’ gait that is active, powerful, and has suppleness, elasticity, impulsion, balance, self-carriage, and a moment of suspension;
(d) the gallop is a pure "four beat" gait that is active, powerful, ground-covering, and responsive and has suppleness, impulsion, balance, and self-carriage, and is able to be easily controlled by the rider with respect to speed and direction while possessing great stamina;
(e) can lengthen and shorten strides easily in all gaits without losing rhythm, balance, impulsion, or self-carriage;
(f) rises in the front and willingly accepts weight on his hind legs;
(g) has good posture;
(h) is light footed and athletic;
(i) shows flexion in the joints, engagement of the hindquarters, and freedom of the shoulder.
The horse should possess the following athletic dynamics in showjumping:
(a) be able to collect strongly during the last canter stride before the jump and be able to place the hindlegs together and far forward under the body to create a powerful takeoff;
(b) leave the ground quickly with power;
(c) jump with an upward wither with the apex of the jump over the middle of the fence;
(d) bring the underarm above the horizontal and fold the cannon under the underarm;
(e) create a bascule, meaning the head and neck should stretch out and down to insure a well-balanced jump, the rump should follow the direction of the neck, and he should finish the jump by flexing his back and opening the hindquarters;
(f) exhibit athletic ability, meaning he is supple and elastic; can develop forward motion over the jump; lands lightly; canters off easily; and is careful, efficient, and has much scope;
(g) jump so his body and legs remain straight and he remains in the middle of the jump;
(h) clear each jump confidently, easily, and in good style;
(i) have a calm and steady rhythm.
Cross-Country Jumping and Gallop Standards
The horse should possess the following athletic dynamics while jumping on the cross-country course:
(a) be courageous but careful when jumping obstacles;
(b) be able to collect before a jump while galloping;
(c) be willing to jump into and over, and canter through, water of any depth proposed by the course-builder;
(d) be willing to accept to the aids of the rider with respect to speed and direction while approaching a jump and after landing;
(e) be able to maintain a gallop speed of 800 metres per minute on the track during the length of a typical cross-country course; and
(f) have great stamina that allows for the quality of the gallop and the jump to be maintained even at the end of a long cross-country course.
General Policies to Achieve Breeding Goal & Standards
The Studbook's breeding goal, model horse standards, conformation standards, movement standards, jumping standards, cross-country standards, and character standards will be achieved by the following general policies:
(a) the foundation of the Studbook is Thoroughbred and Anglo-Arab and Shagya Arab damlines: every foal registered in the Pure Blood Foal Book and Warmblood Foal Book, except as noted in (b) below, every Approved Stallion, and every Main Book Mare must descend from a Thoroughbred or Anglo-Arab or Shagya Arab damline;
(b) foals that do not descend from a Thoroughbred or Anglo-Arab or Shagya Arab damline, but descend from a damline that has produced international eventing horses that competed in 3* or 4* CCI or CIC events, are eligible to be registered in the Warmblood Foal Book upon approval by the Breeding Director;
(c) by 2015 the annual population of newly registered foals must maintain an average of at least 85 Percent Pure Blood in the nine-generation pedigree;
(d) rigorous selection, evaluation, monitoring, and culling with respect to stallions;
(e) concentrating outstanding sirelines in the Studbook's population of Approved Stallions;
(f) concentrating outstanding damlines in the Studbook's population of Approved Stallions;
(g) selectively incorporating new outstanding sires into the population and carefully monitoring the impact of these new genetics on the population;
(h) restricting entry into the Main Book to those stallions that have passed rigorous inspections;
(i) requiring Approved Stallions to meet or surpass veterinary and radiological standards established by the Studbook;
(j) requiring Approved Stallions to pass annual evaluations of their progeny to maintain their approval.
Divisions of the Studbook and Entry Criteria
The Studbook is composed of three books:
(a) Pure Blood Foal Book, which contains foals possessing exclusively Pure Blood (i.e., Thoroughbred, Ango-Arab, and/or Shagya Arab) genes and whose sire and dam meet the Studbook's eligibility criteria;
(b) Warmblood Foal Book, which contains foals possessing a combination of Pure Blood genes and warmblood genes and whose sire and dam meet the Studbook’s eligibility criteria; and
(c) Main Book, which contains stallions born into the Pure Blood Foal Book or Warmblood Foal Book and subsequently entered into the Main Book as Approved Stallions, and mares born into the Pure Blood Foal Book or Warmblood Foal Book and subsequently entered into the Main Book.
System for Recording Pedigrees
The following system is used to record pedigrees in the Studbook:
(a) A licensed computerized Studbook Administration Database is employed. Every foal, Approved Stallion, and Main Book Mare has its own unique file in the database from which a pedigree can be easily created using the data that have been inputted into the program. The database is backed-up regularly to ensure the integrity and survivability of the data.
(b) To verify parentage DNA analysis is performed on hair taken from every foal registered by the Studbook. The DNA sample must be taken by a veterinary surgeon before weaning and at the time of registration. At the same time as the DNA sample is taken the veterinary surgeon completes the marking chart, notes the natural marks, implants a microchip, and records the microchip number on the marking chart.
(c) If the sire and/or dam of the foal were not born into the Studbook a clear photocopy of the Identification Documents of the foal's sire and dam must be provided by the mare owner/custodian at the time the foal is registered. If the Studbook has questions about the authenticity of the document or the accuracy of the pedigree recorded in the document the Studbook will contact the issuing authority to verify the pedigree.
(d) The DNA Laboratory Profile Number of the foal, the sire, and the dam (and further descendants as the Studbook's population grows) will be contained in the foal's entry in the Studbook Administration Database along with other data related to identity, pedigree, performance, etc.
Policies for Identifying Horses to be Registered by the Studbook
The following system is used to identify horses registered and issued Identification Documents by the Studbook:
(a) An Identification Document, based on data contained in the computerized Studbook Administration Database and supporting documents, shall be issued in respect of all foals entered in the Studbook.
(b) The Identification Document shall contain the name of the foal; Unique Equine Life Number (UELN); date of birth; sex; color; breeder's name and address; owner's name and address; photocopy of the marking chart noting natural and acquired markings; microchip number; DNA profile number; and four-generation pedigree.
(c) The Ownership Document shall contain the name of the foal; Unique Equine Life Number (UELN); date of birth; sex; color; breeder's name and address; owner's name and address; photocopy of the marking chart noting natural and acquired markings; microchip number; DNA profile number; and four-generation pedigree.
(d) All foals shall be named using the naming conventions described in the Rules and Procedures.
System of Identifying and Registering Foals
Foals are identified and registered by the following procedure:
(a) The Studbook sends digital Certificates of Service to owners/custodians/agents of activated Approved Stallions.
(b) The stallion owner/custodian/agent electronically submits a digital Certificate of Service to the Studbook, accompanied by the prescribed fee, for each mare that has been determined to be in foal.
(c) The Studbook sends a digital Certificate of Birth to the mare owner/custodian.
(d) The mare owner/custodian notifies the Studbook of his intention to register a foal by electronically returning the completed digital Certificate of Birth, accompanied by the prescribed fee.
(e) The Studbook verifies that the foal is eligible for registration.
(f) The foal's parentage is confirmed through DNA analysis.
(g) The foal is assigned a 15-digit UELN.
(h) The foal is named at the time of registration.
(i) If the breeder of the foal has a registered prefix or suffix this prefix or suffix will be incorporated into the foal's name.
(j) The Studbook issues the passport to the owner/custodian when it is satisfied that all requirements have been satisfied and all registration details are correct. The original marking chart is retained and stored by the Studbook and a photocopy of the marking chart is included in the Identification Document.
(k) The Studbook issues an Ownership Document to the foal owner/custodian.
System for Tracking Performance Data
The following data sources are used to track the performance of horses registered and issued Identification Documents by the Studbook:
(a) International Equestrian Federation (FEI) results and points for certain international eventing competitions;
(b) FEI rankings of international eventing horses;
(c) Equine Canada, Eventing Ireland, British Eventing, United States Eventing Association, and other national eventing associations and national equestrian federations for national eventing results.
Entry of Lineages from Other Studbooks
Stallions and mares whose lineage is new to the Studbook will have details of their lineage imported into the Studbook Administration Database.
Non-Discriminatory Treatment of Breeders
The Studbook does not discriminate against horses born into the Studbook or their breeders or owners. A foal or older horse bred by any individual is entitled to be entered into the appropriate book if the animal, its sire, its dam, and the breeder fulfill all prescribed conditions for registration. Any stallion that fulfills all prescribed conditions and requirements will be evaluated for
approval by the Studbook. Any mare that fulfills all prescribed conditions and requirements will entered into the Main Book of the Studbook.
Appeals of Decisions by the Studbook
A Member in Good Standing may appeal certain Studbook decisions by following the procedures detailed in Section 7 of the Rules and Procedures.